International Human Right day HUMAN RIGHTS IN ISLAM.

Byline: Rasheed Ahmed Chughtai

Since God is absolute and the sole master of men and the universe, He is the sovereign Lord, the Sustainer and Nourished, the Merciful, Whose mercy enshrines all beings; and since He has given each man human dignity and honor, and breathed into him of His own spirit, it followsthat, united in Him and through Him, and apart from their other human attributes , men are substantiality the same and no tangible and actual distinction can be made among them , on account of their accidental differences such as nationality, color or race.

Every human being is thereby related to all others and all become one community of brotherhood in their honorable and pleasant servitude to the most compassionate of the oneness of God stands dominant and central and necessarily entails the concept of the oneness of humanity and the brotherhood of mankind. Although and Islamic state may be set up in any part of the earth, Islam does not seek to restrict human rights or privileges to he geographical limits of its own state. Islam haslaid down some universal fundamental rights for humanity as a whole, which are to be observed and respective under all circumstances whether such a person within the territory of the Islamic state or outside it, whether he is at peace or at war.

The Quran very clearly states: 'O believers, be you secures of justice, witness for God. Let not detestation for a people move you not to be equitable; be equitable - that is nearer to God-fearing.' (5:8) Humble blood is sacred in any case and cannot be spilled without justification. And if anyone violates this sanctity it to the killing of entire mankind. '...Whose slays a soul not to retaliate for a soul slain, nor for corruption done in the land, should be as if he has slain mankind altogether.' (5:32) It is not permissible to oppress women, children, old people, the sick or the wounded. Women's honor and chastity to be respected under all circumstances. The hungry person must be fed, the naked clothed and the wounded or diseased treated medically irrespective of whether they belong to the Islamic community or are from among its enemies. When we speak rights in Islam we really mean that these things have been granted by God; the have not been granted by any king or by any legislative assembly.

The rights granted by the kings or the legislative assemblies, can also be withdrawn in the same manner in which they are conferred. The same is the case with the rights...

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