The integrated deterrence approach.

The centrepiece of the US National Defence Strategy 2022 is 'IntegratAed Deterrence', which was debuted by US Defence Secretary Lloyd Austin. He termed it as a new approach to achieving deterrence. Its purApose was to avoid military conAfrontation and make use of partners and allies as well as their capabilities in countering the adversaries. It incorporates both military and non-military tactics to deter adversaries.

As per Sasha Baker, Deputy Under SecAretary of Defence for Policy, integrated deterrence is to incorporate all tools of national power and its allies and partAners in countering the warfighting areas, and other domains of conflict. Dr Colin Kahl highlighted the major purpose beAhind 'integrated deterrence', saying it is to 'integrate allies and partners that are the actual asymmetric advantage that the United States has over any other competitor or potential adversary'.

The alliance system is vital to integratAed deterrence, 'The US has to engage with its allies and partners so that their rivals realise that they're taking on a coAalition of nations who are dedicated to sustaining a rules-based international order, they're taking on more than just the United States'.

To achieve this 'integrated deterArence', the United States' engagement with India is now accelerating. In the 2+2 ministerial dialogue held in April 2022 between the US and India, they signed a bilateral space situational awareness arrangement.

This will facilitate sharing of greater information and cooperation in space. Their information-sharing partnership is expanding across all the war-fightAing areas. They show their willingness to launch new supply chain cooperaAtion measures that would allow them to support each other's priority DeAfence requirements. On October 2020, the USA and India signed an agreement named 'Basic Exchange and CooperaAtion Agreement' that would give India access to the US geospatial intelligence-satellite images and analyses.

The US government has shown its willAingness to approve sales of drones to InAdia, including armed drones. Although the US has been reluctant to supply drones, particularly armed drones beAcause they were incorporated into the Missile Technology Control Regime by their officials. But now the US has shiftAed its policy to consider drones as airAcraft rather than missiles.

Furthermore, the Quadrilateral SeAcurity Dialogue (QUAD) was created to facilitate relief operations during the 2004 Tsunami in the Indian Ocean...

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