Nursultan Nazarbayev First President of Republic of Kazakhstan: Life and Activity.

 
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1st December, the people of Kazakhstan celebrates the Day of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The Day of the First President was established to mark and recognize the distinguished merits of 1st President of Kazakhstan Mr. Nursultan Nazarbayev to the country. First Presidents's day has been a public holiday in Kazakhstan since 2011 when the Kazakh Senate issued a law introducing the new holiday to honour Nursultan Nazarbayev's contribution to the development of Kazakhstan. The historical background and the basis for selecting the date of the holiday was the event that took place on December 1, 1991 - as a result of the first national elections Nursultan Nazarbayev was elected as the President of the Kazakh SSR. One of the first steps of the first president was the signing of the law to rename the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic to the Republic of Kazakhstan on December 10, 1991.

And after six days - December 16, 1991 - The Supreme Council declared the independence of Kazakhstan, which meant that Kazakhstan became a sovereign state.

President Nazarbayev's leadership, strategic vision and charisma have done a lot for his nation and country. With these futuristic road maps, he has the potential to lead and engage his population to work for development. He has inspired his countrymen to follow a path of innovation and with his eyes towards the future remains optimistic about fulfilling his dreams. He can plan and execute with his government the goals that have been set by the leader himself for the country.

Nazarbayev was born in Chemolgan, a rural town near Almaty, when Kazakhstan was one of the republics of the Soviet Union. He performed well at school, and was sent to a boarding school in Kaskelen. Early life after leaving school in1959 he took up a one year government-funded technical school in the town of Dniprodzerzhynsk, Ukraine. From 1960 through 1969, he worked at the Karaganda Metallurgical Plant. By aged 20, he was earning a relatively excellent wage doing "incredibly heavy and dangerous work" in the blast furnace.

He joined the Communist Party in 1962, and quickly became a prominent member of the Young Communist League. He soon became a full-time worker for the party, and picked up a college education at the Karagandy Polytechnic Institute. In 1967, he graduated this institute. During his student years, he worked on and off at a steel plant in Karaganda as a steelworker and later engineer. From 1969 through 1973, he was involved in the Party and Komsomol work in Temirtau of the Karaganda region. He was appointed secretary of the Communist Party Committee of the Karaganda Metallurgical Kombinat in 1973. From 1973 to 1977, he was a secretary of the party committee at the Karaganda Metallurgic Works. In 1976 he graduated the Higher Party School in Moscow.

From 1977 through 1979, he served as secretary, and then second secretary of the Regional Committee of the Party in Karaganda. Nazarbayev spent his days dealing with legal papers, solving logistical problems and industrial disputes, as well as meeting workers to solve individual issues. He later wrote that "the central allocation of capital investment and the distribution of funds" meant that infrastructure was poor, workers were demoralized and overworked, and centrally set targets were unrealistic; he saw the steel plant's problems as a microcosm for the problems for the Soviet Union as a whole.

Nazarbayev worked his way up the ranks, and by 1979 he became a full member of the Kazakhstan Politburo, the supreme policy-making body of the Communist party in Kazakhstan. From 1979 through 1984, he served as Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan. From 1984 through 1989, he was a Chairman of the Ministers Council of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic. Following this, his rise to power was encapsulated as he became First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan from 1989 through 1991, a full member of the CPSU Politburo from 1990 to 1991. Since April 1990, he is a President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

In August 1991, he resigned his seat for the Politburo and by December Nazarbayev led the country to declare complete independence from the Soviet Union. On December 1, 1991 the first national presidential elections were held where...

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