IRAN REVOLUTION: An Upsurge of Transformation.

Byline: Tyela Shaffan

When the question is of how effective the US policies towards Iran, the answer is not so simple. It's not the matter of one-night game, but the strives of decades. US indulged over heels to tackle Iran. The US administration followed the policies of containment, engagement, isolation and denial, when the question is of Iranian program. But the efficacy of these policies is always a query.

The USIran hostility has its roots deep in history of forty years, and both the counter adversaries have worked in opposite spectrum. Far from a monolithic affiliation, Iran and the United States have spent as many decades as friends as they have as enemies. Washington and Tehran had never been able negotiate in an eloquent and consistent way.

Before Obama, US policies of engagement offered far not enough to make talks with Iran worthwhile. With all options on table, US policies still left unproductive towards Iran. Using diplomatic efforts to isolate Iran remained ineffective as Iran began to expand its nuclear enrichment and didn't respond back to the US strategies. Containment and tough sanctions were just proved vague as US failed to calculate the rational results of the strategy. All these efforts went down towards a crucial event of Iranian Revolution that changed the nature of US-Iran relations.

The Iranian Revolution was one of the most imperative events to take place in the Middle East within the past fifty years. The revolution completely distorted one of the region's largest and most influential countries, and had far-reaching implications for both Iran's neighbors as well as the world at large. Iran has followed different foreign policies since Islamic revolution for achieving its goals.

Goals of Islamic government of Iran had been swung between interests of Islamic world and interests of Iran; or can be like, between interests of Islam Ummah (the nation of Islam) and national interests of Iran. Islamic principles have dominated on foreign policy of Iran but different circumstances made the government to change its priorities of Foreign policy. The theoretical approaches of Iran's foreign policy since 1979 in Islamic Republic of Iran includes realist, ideological, pragmatist, and reformist approaches.

If we observe realist approach, so in this period, government of Iran inclined to lead Iran foreign policy based on national interests not ideological priorities. So, national interests were prior to Islamic priorities...

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