Byline: Urooj Aijaz
A nationwide campaign of Bahria University to promote country's blue economy
Global sea ports have great importance for world economy as global container traffic has grown by an average of 10% annually since 1990. Equally, the steady growth of ship sizes poses major logistical and technical problems worldwide. Given these facts, shipping and maritime logistics would largely benei!t from Big Data as well as the emerging digital technologies. Apart from the many positive effects of digitization in maritime logistics with respect to efficiency, safety and energy saving, there are, however, also risks (e.g. data abuse, cybercrime). In maritime logistics, automation and digitization are constantly advancing with noticeable affects.
Today 90% of the world's goods are handled by sea and every year 8 million tons of goods are transported across the sea i.e. by container ships, tankers and bulk carriers. The total capacity of global container fleet increased to approximately 20.5 million TEU in 2016 as compared to 2013 and compare with world trade and GDP; sea trade has shown twice as fast growth in recent years. Maritime logistics is thus one of the key sector for digital transformation with its high degree of networking and its large number of interfaces as it offers a broad range of applications for digital technologies.
Therefore, modernization of logistics will provide massive expansion in business to the maritime shipping companies. Traffic, port logistics and just in time shipping will change as an electronic revolution taking the shape with big data and increase in networking of technologies. Now a days a large number of data is gathered on each individual ship, although most of them are unused. However given the multitude of new digital business models, data usage will inevitably change within the coming years.
International Maritime Organization (IMO) supports the introduction of electronic data exchange from ship to ship and from land to ship to improve the efficiency, safety and data security of navigation and communication. Thus, for the digital linking of complete value chains in maritime logistics numerous development in GPS navigation, accuracy in arrival of ships, weather forecasts and smart container technologies are based on AIS (Artificial Intelligence systems).
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