Dependence on coal.

Coal has been an essential source of energy for Pakistan for decades. The country's energy mix currently heavily relies on coal, with over 40% of its power generation coming from coal-fired plants. However, while coal is cheap and abundant, it is also one of the most environmentally harmful sources of energy, emitting large amounts of harmful greenhouse gases and causing severe environmental degradation.

Despite the environmental concerns, Pakistan continues to rely on coal in order to meet its growing energy requirements, and more money is currently being pumped into utilising coal for power generation. This past Wednesday, Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif inaugurated two coal-fired power plants in Tharparker district of Sindh with a capacity of 1,650 megawatts of electricity generation, aiming to turn the desert into an 'economic hub'. This is indeed a step in the right direction to reduce the enormous burden on the energy sector and meet local demands. In order to pave the way for development amid tough economic situations and a volatile global environment, Pakistan needs to promote and enhance such projects. However, we must also be mindful of the fact that over-reliance on coal has not only put a significant strain on the environment but can also jeopardise public health. Coal-fired power plants release toxic pollutants that can lead to a host of health hazards like respiratory diseases, heart problems, and even premature death...

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