Artificial intelligence: Undeniable reality.

Byline: Dr Zafar Nawaz Jaspal

THE nations have invested in advancing their Artificial Intelligence prowess. They have been intelligently harnessing its advantages and struggling to avoid its drawbacks. In practice, Artificial Intelligence is an enabling technology, which can be used for improving national security environment and human development. Many nations have employed it for both defensive and offensive military operations. Therefore, distancing from the Artificial Intelligence in the current circumstances is not a rational choice. The Artificial Intelligence (AI) also called machine intelligence. It 'is a branch of computer science dealing with the simulation of intelligent behaviour in computers'. It is the 'the capability of a machine to imitate intelligent human behaviour.' In simple terms, AI is an intelligence exhibited by machines or software. Its technology is already built into devices we use in our every day lives. For example, 'Siri', an intelligent personal assistant that sits inside iPhones and iPads and is supported by AI developed by Apple.

The technologically advanced nations have struggled to reap AI benefits while avoiding potential pitfalls. On May 12, 2015, late Stephen Hawking, speaking at the Zeitgeist 2015 conference in London, said: 'Computers will overtake humans with AI at some within the next 100 years. When that happens, we need to make sure the computers have goals aligned with ours.' He also warned, that 'humans need to be aware of the risks associated with uncontrolled AI development.' So the scientists and technologists carefully coordinate and communicate advancements in AI. They ought to make sure AI does not grow beyond humanity's control. Currently, AI is contributing positively in the medical field and data collection and organization for theoretical research. The alarming cause is that militarily advanced nations have been determined to use AI for increasing the efficacy of their offensive strikes and defensive arrangements. It is very useful for improving the defensive deployments such as air-defence and anti-missile systems. AI enables national command authority for a real-time counter to the threat. However, it is not reliable to distinguish between decoys and real striking device. Despite it, military uses AI systems to generate novel methods of jamming and communications through self-play, akin to Alpha Go Zero improving its game by playing itself.

The security conscious nations have always...

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