Tivo Inc v Vivo International Corporation Pty Ltd [2012] FCA 252 (19 March 2012)

Extract


Tivo Inc v Vivo International Corporation Pty Ltd [2012] FCA 252 (19 March 2012)

Canberra: FEDERAL COURT OF AUSTRALIA

Tivo Inc v Vivo International Corporation Pty Ltd [2012] FCA 252

Citation:

Tivo Inc v Vivo International Corporation Pty Ltd [2012] FCA 252

Parties:

TIVO INC. and TIVO BRANDS, LLC. v VIVO INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION PTY LTD (ACN 087 480 171) and FABIO GRASSIA; VIVO INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION PTY LTD (ACN 087 480 171); TIVO BRANDS, LLC.

File number:

VID 25 of 2011

Judge:

DODDS-STREETON J

Date of judgment:

19 March 2012

Catchwords:

TRADE MARKS – Whether respondents’ mark deceptively similar to applicants’ mark – Whether honest concurrent use – Whether use of respondents’ mark likely to deceive or cause confusion, because applicants’ mark had acquired reputation in Australia or due to convergence of goods sold under each mark – Whether discretionary factors justify maintenance of registration of respondents’ mark – Whether infringement of applicants’ trade mark – Whether second respondent liable as joint tortfeasor – Whether applicants’ or respondents’ mark should be removed from the Register due to non-use in respect of particular goods or services

Legislation:

Evidence Act 1995 (Cth) ss 79, 140(2), 190(3)

Trade Marks Act 1995 (Cth) ss 10, 14, 44(1), 44(2), 44(3)(a), 44(3)(b), 60, 72, 88(2)(a), 88(2)(c), 89, 92(3), 92(4), 101(3), 120, 122(1)(e)

Trade Marks Regulations 1995 (Cth) reg 8.2

Cases cited:

American Power Conversion v Tecom Resources Pty Ltd [2004] ATMO 58 cited

Anakin Pty Ltd v Chatswood BBQ King Pty Ltd [2008] FCA 1467; (2008) 250 ALR 620 cited

Anheuser-Busch Inc v Budejovicky Budvar, Narodni Podnik & Ors [2002] FCA 390; (2002) 56 IPR 182 cited

Aristoc Ltd v Rysta Ltd [1945] AC 68 discussed

Austin, Nichols and Co Inc v Lodestar Anstalt [2012] FCAFC 8 discussed

Australian Woollen Mills Ltd v FS Walton & Co Ltd [1937] HCA 51; (1937) 58 CLR 641 cited

Berlei Hestia Industries Ltd v Bali Co Inc [1973] HCA 43; (1973) 129 CLR 353 cited

CA Henschke & Co v Rosemount Estates Pty Ltd [1999] FCA 1561; (1999) 47 IPR 63 cited

Campomar Sociedad Limitada v Nike International Ltd [2000] HCA 12; (2000) 202 CLR 45 cited

Caterpillar Loader Hire (Holdings) Pty Ltd v Caterpillar Tractor Co [1983] FCA 145; (1983) 48 ALR 511 cited

CEPU v ACCC [2007] FCAFC 132; (2007) 162 FCR 466 cited

Chocolaterie Guylian NV v Registrar of Trade Marks [2009] FCA 891; (2009) 180 FCR 60 cited

Clinique Laboratories Inc v Luxury Skincare Brands Pty Ltd [2003] FCA 1517; (2003) 61 IPR 130 cited

Coca-Cola Company v All-Fect Distributors Ltd [1999] FCA 1721; (1999) 96 FCR 107 cited

Conagra Inc v McCain Foods (Aust) Pty Ltd [1992] FCA 159; (1992) 33 FCR 302 cited

Conde Nast Publications Pty Ltd v Taylor (1998) 41 IPR 505 cited

Cooper Engineering Co Pty Ltd v Sigmund Pumps Ltd [1952] HCA 15; (1952) 86 CLR 536 cited

Crazy Ron's Communications Pty Limited v Mobileworld Communications Pty Limited [2004] FCAFC 196; (2004) 209 ALR 1 cited

Dasreef Pty Ltd v Hawchar [2011] HCA 21; (2011) 277 ALR 611 cited

E&J Gallo Winery v Lion Nathan Australia Pty Ltd [2008] FCA 934; (2008) 77 IPR 69 discussed

E & J Gallo Winery v Lion Nathan [2009] FCAFC 27; (2009) 175 FCR 386 cited

Edwards v Liquid Engineering 2003 Pty Ltd [2008] FCA 970; (2008) 77 IPR 115 cited

EOS Australia Pty Ltd v Expo Tomei Pty Ltd (1998) 42 IPR 277 cited

Frigiking Trade Mark [1973] RPC 739 cited

Hansen Beverage Co v Bickfords (Australia) Pty Ltd [2008] FCAFC 46; (2008) 75 IPR 505 distinguished

Hansen Beverage Company v Bickfords (Australia) Pty Ltd [2008] FCAFC 181; (2008) 171 FCR 579 discussed

Haw Par Corporation Limited v The Thai Enterprises Limited (2004) 63 IPR 666 cited

Health World Ltd v Shin-Sun Australia Pty Ltd [2008] FCA 100; (2008) 75 IPR 478 cited

Hills Industries Limited v Bitek Pty Ltd [2011] FCA 94; (2011) 90 IPR 337 distinguished

Jaferjee v Scarlett [1937] HCA 36; (1937) 57 CLR 115 cited

Johnson & Johnson v Kalnin [1993] FCA 210; (1993) 26 IPR 435 cited

Jones v Dunkel [1959] HCA 8; (1959) 101 CLR 298 applied

Keller v LED Technologies Pty Ltd [2010] FCAFC 55; (2010) 185 FCR 449 discussed

Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc v Goulimis cited

Le Cordon Bleu BV v Cordon Bleu International Ltee [2000] FCA 1587; (2000) 50 IPR 1 cited

Magnavox (Aust) Pty Ltd’s Trade Mark (1964) 34 AOJP 2075 cited

McCormick & Co Inc v McCormick [2000] FCA 1335; (2000) 51 IPR 102 discussed

McHattan v Australian Specialised Vehicle Systems Pty Ltd (1996) 34 IPR 537 cited

Melhero Pty Ltd & Anor v Club X and Others (1997) 37 IPR 151 cited

Men’s Gallery Pty Ltd v Platinum 253 Pty Ltd [2008] ATMO 32; (2008) 78 IPR 71 cited

NEC Corporation v Punch Video (S) Pte Ltd [2005] FCA 1126; (2005) 67 IPR 17 cited

Nettlefold Advertising Pty Ltd v Nettlefold Signs Pty Ltd (1997) 38 IPR 495 cited

PB Foods v Malanda Dairy Foods Ltd [1999] FCA 1602; (1999) 47 IPR 47 cited

Pfizer Products Inc v Karam [2006] FCA 1663; (2006) 237 ALR 787 distinguished

Pioneer Computers Australia Pty Ltd v Pioneer KK [2009] FCA 135; (2009) 176 FCR 300 discussed

Pioneer Hi-Bred Corn Co v Hy-Line Chicks Pty Ltd [197...

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